Monday, November 2, 2009

स्‍वामी दयानन्‍द सरस्‍वती

Maharishi Dayananda Saraswati (स्‍वामी दयानन्‍द सरस्‍वती) (February 12, 1824October 31, 1883) was an important Hindu religious scholar and the founder of the Arya Samaj, "Society of Nobles", a Hindu reform movement, founded in 1875.He was the first man who gave the call for Swarajay in 1876 which was later furthered by Lokmanya Tilak.

Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati was the first to proclaim India for Indians [1][2]. Lokmanya Tilak also said that Maharishi Dayanand was the first who proclaimed Swarajya for Bharat i.e.India.

One of his notable disciples was Shyamji Krishna Varma who founded India House in London and guided other revolutionaries like Madam Cama, Veer Sawarkar, Lala Hardyal, Madan Lal Dhingra, Bhagat Singh and others. His other disciples were Swami Shradhanad[3], Lala Lajpat Rai and others who got their inspiration from his writings.

His book Satyarth Prakash contributed to the freedom struggle by inspiring the freedom fighters. On the basis of these facts some believe that Maharishi Dayanand rightfully deserves to be called as Rashtrapitamah (Grandfather of the Indian Nation).[4]

He was a sanyasi (ascetic) from his boyhood, and a scholar, who believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas.

Dayananda advocated the doctrine of karma, skepticism in dogma, and emphasised the ideals of brahmacharya (celibacy and devotion to God). The Theosophical Society and the Arya Samaj were united for a certain time under the name Theosophical Society of the Arya Samaj.

Among Maharishi Dayananda's immense contributions is his championing of the equal rights of women - such as their right to education and reading of Indian scriptures - and his translation of the Vedas from Sanskrit to Hindi so that the common man may be able to read the Vedas. The Arya Samaj is rare in Hinduism in its acceptance of women as leaders in prayer meetings and preaching.

1 comment:

  1. An appreciable write up in a precise manner.In fact I believe History has not done justice to this great visionary, saint, philosopher, reformer, revolutionary scholar and patriot nationalist. the more one reads his biography the more you feel to adore the Maharishi for whatever this lone missionary contributed to the mankind within a span of 11 years (1772 -1883).He was a Yug Pravartak and the real Rashtrapitamah - Grand Father of India.