Sunday, September 13, 2009

THE BRITISH CONQUEST OF INDIA

THE BRITISH CONQUEST OF INDIA

British came to India as traders & in span of century conquered whole India.

Starting with Bengal they soon defeated major powers of India including Marathas Mysore & Sikh

ANGLO FRENCH STRUGGLE IN SOUTH INDIA

With decline of Mughal empire & death of nizam ul mulk ,carnatic became battleground for the English & French companies both trying to establish complete the domination of the area

Colbert the minister of emperor Louis of the France founded the French east India company in 1664

Its main centre was chandernagore near Calcutta & pondichhery on coromendal coast it also controlled the islands of Mauritius & reunion in the Indian ocean

1ST CARNATIC WAR Austarian war of succession started in Europe between france & England and it soon spread in India

The French governor of Mauritius la bourdonnais captured madras

During the war French also defeated the army of Nawab of anwar ud din of carnatic at the battle of St. Thome. This battle exposed the weakness of traditional Indian armies against the modern European trained armies

In the 1748, the war in Europe ended by treaty of Aix-la-chapelle & madras was was hended back to british

2ND CARNATIC WAR

Dupleix the France Governor general at the pondichhery was the 1st to evolve a strategy of using the well disciplined modern French army to take advantage of the mutual quarrels of the Indian by supporting against the other

In 1748,political situation in the carnatic & Hyderabad gave dupliex to try out his strategy

In the carnatic, he supported the Chanda sahib against the Nawab anwaruddin .

In Hyderabad he supported Muzaffer jang against Nasir jang

In the 1749,the 3 allies defeated and killed anwaruddin in the battle of ambur the latter�s son, Muhammad ali fled to trichinopali

Chanda sahib became ruler of carnatic & rewarded the French a grant of 80 villages around pondicherry

Similarly nasir jung was killed & muzzafer jang become nizam

He gave the French territory near pondicherry & the famous port town of Masulipatnam along the huge sums of money

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